Continuing Education

Dozens of opportunities to earn CE credit are available through our publications and live events. Print CE courses are displayed below. Information on live events can be found here.

Don't Be STUMPED by These Lumps and Bumps

The vast majority of eyelid lesions encountered in the typical optometry practice are benign. However, it is important clinicians are able to identify lesions capable of infiltration, tissue destruction and metastasis. To start, clinicians must appreciate the basic anatomy of the eyelid. Beginning externally and working posteriorly, we first encounter the epidermis, which contains several layers of cells including keratinocytes, melanocytes, Langerhans cells and Merkel cells. Commencing at the melanin-containing basal cell layer, epithelial cells differentiate and migrate toward the skin surface, eventually losing their melanin granules, flattening and producing keratin. The underlying dermis is comprised of connective tissue, nerves, blood vessels and lymphatics. Deeper, you will find the orbicularis muscle and tarsal plate. Finally, the palpebral conjunctiva covers the posterior surface of the eyelid, abutting the globe. 

 By Rodney Bendure, OD, and Jackie Burress, OD
Review of Optometry, April 2017


Optometric Study Center: Courses published monthly in Review of Optometry and Review of Cornea & Contact Lenses, offering either 1 or 2 hours of CE credit. Processing fees apply. Exam valid for credit up to three years from release date.

Sponsored CE: Courses offered without exam fee, supported by an unrestricted educational grant from an industry partner. Typically valid for credit for one year from release date; longer active terms may exist for some exams.

Archived CE: Courses have expired but are displayed for reader interest. No credits available.