Continuing Education

Dozens of opportunities to earn CE credit are available through our publications and live events. Print CE courses are displayed below. Information on live events can be found here.

Positive Visual Phenomena: Etiologies Beyond the Eye

Often, clinicians assume a patient’s complaint of bright lights or flashes in vision are associated with vitreous detachment, retinal break or retinal detachment. However, it is critical that ODs carefully differentiate the source of these symptoms, as positive visual phenomena may indicate serious—even life-threatening—systemic health concerns. This article discusses how to identify less common—but higher risk—etiologies of positive visual phenomena.

By Sara Weidmayer, OD
Review of Optometry, January 2018


Optometric Study Center: Courses published monthly in Review of Optometry and Review of Cornea & Contact Lenses, offering either 1 or 2 hours of CE credit. Processing fees apply. Exam valid for credit up to three years from release date.

Sponsored CE: Courses offered without exam fee, supported by an unrestricted educational grant from an industry partner. Typically valid for credit for one year from release date; longer active terms may exist for some exams.

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