The News Feed

Timely reports on clinical research, legislative updates and product launches, from the editors of Review of Optometry and RCCL. Stories post each weekday morning.

Study Reveals Effect of ADHD Medications on Glaucoma Risk

Amphetamine and atomoxetine users were more likely to develop angle-closure disease, while those taking methylphenidate had a greater chance of developing OAG.
May 21, 2024

Vascular Differences Predispose Non-white Patients to Diabetic Retinopathy

Clinicians should be mindful of racial and ethnic distinctions in diabetes patients and raise their level of vigilance accordingly in vulnerable populations.
May 20, 2024

ONH Capillary Density in OCT-A Could Predict VF Loss

A faster increase in this measurement was found to be a slightly better indicator than the rate of OCT RNFL thinning.
May 20, 2024

Only Outer Retina Associated with Cognition in Aging

This finding was demonstrated in patients with intermediate AMD.
May 20, 2024

Degenerative Myopia Patients Present Higher Risk of Ocular Complications

They showed elevated rates of retinal detachments, glaucoma, age-related cataracts, dry eye syndrome and retinal neovascularization.
May 17, 2024

New Handheld Device Keeps IOP Measurement on Target

The lightweight rebound tonometer from Reichert gives real-time user feedback to ensure accurate placement, the company says.
May 17, 2024

SITA Fast and Faster Need Modified Criteria

One recent ARVO study revealed that applying SITA Standard mean deviation cutoffs to the newer protocols can lead to misdiagnosis.
May 17, 2024

Five Fundus Features Correlate to VF Loss Severity in Acute NAION

Hemorrhages, cotton wool spots, disc hyperemia, pallor and peripapillary wrinkling, when taken together, classified visual field decline with about 74% accuracy.
May 17, 2024

Depression Rates Four Times Higher in Those with Central Vision Loss

Anxiety, loneliness, social isolation and poor sleep were also more common in subjects with macular degeneration, according to an ARVO poster.
May 16, 2024

Risk of NAION Higher in Patients on GLP-1 Drugs for Diabetes or Weight Loss

Exposure to agonists such as Ozempic and Mounjaro was associated with a 3.24-fold higher likelihood.
May 16, 2024

Consumer Reviews for OTC Eye Care Products May Be Misleading

Also, safety profile doesn’t necessarily correlate with popularity, ARVO study shows. Regulatory oversight could improve public safety, researchers suggest.
May 16, 2024

Post-cataract IOP Spike is Significant Predictor of Spike in Fellow Eye

Patients were more likely to experience another incident even after accounting for other risk factors, according to an ARVO abstract.
May 15, 2024

Allergies, Atopic Disease Linked to Higher CXL Failure Rate

While only 1.2% of keratoconic eyes required either repeat treatment or corneal graft surgery, the procedure’s failure was more likely to occur with these factors in the patient history.
May 15, 2024

MIGS on the Rise: Study Showcases Runaway Success of Newer Options

From 2011 to 2021, there was a decline in traditional trabeculectomies while minimally invasive procedures such as iStent, goniotomy and transluminal dilation showed substantial increases.
May 15, 2024

High BMI a Risk Factor for Dry Eye Symptoms in Children

However, the OSDI score was not associated with age, race, sex, screen time, outdoor activities or diet.
May 14, 2024

ARVO Study Compares Effectiveness of 13 Artificial Tears

There was no hands-down winner. The findings emphasized the importance of tailoring treatment based on individual patient characteristics.
May 14, 2024

Smaller Back Optic Zone Diameter Improves Ortho-K Results

A 5mm design induced a greater corneal power shift than a 6mm version, with corresponding better effects on axial length growth in a recent ARVO paper.
May 13, 2024

Humidity May be Risk Factor for Keratoconus

After considering other environmental components, this was the only one that influenced prevalence of the condition in an ARVO study.
May 13, 2024

High-dose Aflibercept Pushes Dosing Interval to Five Months

Nearly half of subjects went 20 weeks or longer between injections with the 8mg formulation. The regimen also maintained BCVA gains out to 96 weeks.
May 13, 2024

Punctal Plug Alternative to CXL on the Horizon?

Inserts imbued with copper were shown to enhance lysyl oxidase activity. Early results look promising and will continue to receive development in hopes of eventual commercialization.
May 10, 2024

Glaucomatous Eyes with High Systolic Blood Velocity May Progress Faster

This group of eyes studied showed the worst structural and functional markers.
May 10, 2024

Maximum Blink Interval Helps Detect Dry Eye Cases with Mismatch of Signs vs. Symptoms

The findings were diagnostic in patients when TBUT and Schirmer’s scores weren’t.
May 10, 2024

Lipid-lowering Agents May Prevent DR Complications

An ARVO paper highlights the potential benefits of using statins in delaying progression to PDR.
May 9, 2024

Corneal Edema Post-Cataract More Common in Diabetic Patients

Age, disease status and race/ethnicity were linked to higher risk of issues after surgery.
May 9, 2024

DREAM Study Cohort Shows Dry Eye Test Repeatability Needs Improvement

Corneal and conjunctival staining scores were the most reliably consistent tests, while tear break-up time was the least.
May 9, 2024

Topical Insulin Eyedrops May Aid Corneal Healing

Re-epithelialization was faster and more successful with the treatment vs. conventional methods. Studies found positive effects in cases used for neurotrophic keratitis and ulcers.
May 8, 2024

Long-term Use of Anti-Glaucoma Meds Before SLT Linked to Adverse Effects

Higher age was predictive of failure, while a higher pre-SLT IOP was associated with a greater probability of success.
May 8, 2024

Study Links Reticular Pseudodrusen to Stroke Risk

Drusen didn’t show the same association, highlighting the distinct nature of the two findings.
May 8, 2024

B+L Launches New Scleral Lens for Advanced Corneal Conditions

With the Zenlens Echo, clinicians can specify numerous parameters using a slit lamp, OCT and profilometer, the company says.
May 7, 2024

Two ARVO Studies Note Influence of Genetic Testing in Glaucoma Onset

One paper helped isolate ocular hypertensives at a low risk of disease conversion. The other screened high- and low-risk patients and found a correlation between PRS and new diagnoses of POAG.
May 7, 2024

Corneal Complications Common in Pediatric Patients With Herpetic Keratoconjunctivitis

An ARVO paper focusing on ocular surface conditions in kids also shows high-potency corticosteroids were used most often in blepharokeratoconjunctivitis.
May 7, 2024

Two Studies Give Positive Marks to Pegcetacoplan Therapy for GA

Real-world results show that the drug reduced annual growth rate by about 34%. A clinical trial extension also reported a similar level of efficacy.
May 7, 2024

ARVO Study Highlights Importance of Identifying Peripheral DR Lesions

Research using ultra-widefield imaging showed that assessment of the entire retina is important to more accurately stratify disease progression risk in vulnerable patients.
May 6, 2024

First Specific Genetic Locus Detected for Dry Eye

The disease has been thought to possess some level of heritability, and one recent investigation expands on this principle.
May 6, 2024

No Meaningful Rebound Effect Seen After Discontinuing Multifocals for Myopia Control

The BLINK2 study followed children and teenagers for an additional year after they wore such lenses for two years. Axial length and refraction were maintained.
May 6, 2024

Handheld AI Fundus Camera Detects DR in 60 Seconds

New automated device from Optomed features a 50-degree field of view to detect early-phase retinal changes and flags results as red or green.
May 3, 2024

Rho-Kinase Inhibitor Exhibits Protective Effect After Cataract Surgery

In a recent study, endothelial cell loss in patients administered ripasudil was one-third that of untreated patients.
May 3, 2024

PED Lesions, Hyperreflective Foci Associated With Visual Decline in Dry AMD

Mesopic dysfunction was found following previous predominant rod-mediated function loss, whereas the overall highest functional loss was detected with development of cRORA lesions.
May 3, 2024

Meta-analysis Associates Three Air Pollutants with AMD Risk

The relationship was not causal, suggesting that more research is needed to elucidate the underlying mechanisms.
May 3, 2024

Peripapillary RNFL Thickness Predictive of Visual Outcomes

Nerve fibers in the temporal quadrant represent the papillomacular bundle and hence strongly influence acuity, researchers propose.
May 2, 2024

Study: Blue-Light IOLs Can Reduce Progression of Macular Atrophy, But Not Incidence

Following cataract surgery, the pathology developed in 23% of eyes with filtering lens implants and 19% without. Mean annual increases, however, were 0.78mm2 and 1.26mm2, respectively.
May 2, 2024

Bariatric Surgery May Reduce Risk for Ocular Diseases

Diabetic eye disease, glaucoma, AMD and cataract surgery were among those with decreased future risk.
May 2, 2024

New Treatment Pairs with BlephEx to Help Restore MG Function

“OptiVize,” as the company calls it, is indicated for monthly use immediately following blepharoexfoliation until meibum health improves.
May 1, 2024

Most Glaucoma Patients Require a Second Med Within Five Years

Adequate IOP control was only maintained for about a year and a half in a large British study.
May 1, 2024

Ganglion Cell Complex Thickness Reduced in AMD

The most significant inner retinal alterations were observed in those with late-stage disease and/or GA, while little difference was noted between early and intermediate macular degeneration.
May 1, 2024

Meds that Induce Angle-Closure Glaucoma Identified

Topiramate tops the list for specific agents, while the category of sulfonamides was the largest drug class overall.
May 1, 2024

More Evidence Supports Red Light Therapy in Myopia Management

After one year, mean change in SER was almost 1D while axial length difference was one-third of a millimeter. Safety concerns did not arise.
April 30, 2024

Three Home-monitoring Vision Tests for nAMD Fall Short in Diagnostic Accuracy

The options called KeepSight, MyVisionTrack and MultiBit are not yet ready for implementation in clinical practice, researchers say.
April 30, 2024

Uveitis Recurrence Risk Elevated After COVID-19 Vaccination

More than half of cases occurred in the early post-vaccination period, suggesting close clinical monitoring is essential for at-risk patients.
April 30, 2024

Normal-Tension Glaucoma Exhibits Reduced Cerebrospinal Fluid Flow Dynamics

Researchers speculate that the ensuing stagnation may cause an accumulation of neurodegenerative factors; another theory involves compartmentalization of the optic nerve sheath.
April 29, 2024