Eye doctors are fortunate to have the subject of their study readily available for visual inspection. The ocular anatomy is directly accessible for in-office examination, mostly just by using the standard battery of tests and tools you trained with in school. But this can create a deluge of visual information to process. You must have an explanation at your fingertips for every unusual lump, contour, discoloration and squiggle you see during an eye exam.
To help, Review of Optometry created the following new resource—a photo atlas of ocular diseases broad enough in scope to include conditions both commonplace and rare, benign and worrisome, chronic and acute, across the entire spectrum of eye care.
The nine optometrists featured here were instrumental in developing this atlas with us. They shared their time, expertise, patient records and, most of all, their photo libraries to create it. It’s our hope that this issue can give you a quick refresher on the clinical features of many ocular diseases and will become a handy reference guide to aid future patient care responsibilities.
Of course, keep in mind that nearly all conditions can present in a wide variety of ways and what’s depicted here is often just one instance of many. In other words, these photos are representative, but rarely the final word.
This online version of The Photo Atlas of Ocular Disease provides you with a deeper understanding of these conditions in a few ways. First, you’ll be able to view the photos larger and in more detail than in print. Second, we’ll add to it over time, so that new conditions and alternative presentations can be included. Lastly, we will share links to articles from Review’s archives that give in-depth clinical guidance on many of the included diseases and disorders. So, if you see an intriguing photo and would like more context, just follow the links for suggested reading.
I would like to thank all the contributors who made this atlas possible. Their experience and expertise shine through in every photo.
—Jack Persico, Editor-in-Chief
Check out the conditions featured in their respective categories:
Scroll past the bios to find an index of conditions included.
|Click image to enlarge.
Additional photos: Aaron Bronner, OD, Greg Caldwell, OD, Paul Karpecki, OD, Stephanie Fromstein, OD, Mitch Ibach, OD, Nate Lighthizer, OD, Irving Martinez-Navé, OD, Suzanne Sherman, OD
Use the index below to jump directly to each condition.
Sebaceous gland carcinoma
Caruncle squamous papilloma
Melanoma of the punctum
Chalazion & hordeolum
Epidermal inclusion cysts
Basal cell carcinoma
Limbal stem cell deficiency
Epithelial basement membrane dystrophy
Central corneal dystrophy of François
Fuchs’ endothelial corneal dystrophy
Terrien’s marginal degeneration
Peripheral ulcerative keratitis
Conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasm
Giant papillary conjunctivitis
Ocular surface squamous neoplasia
Nevus of Ota
Iris sphincter tear
Central serous chorioretinopathy
Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
Tractional retinal detachment
Myopic tractional maculopathy
Retinal angiomatous proliferation
Cotton wool spots
Central retinal vein occlusion
Branch retinal vein occlusion
Central retinal artery occlusion
Branch retinal artery occlusion
Cystoid macular edema
Intraretinal microvascular abnormalities
Nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy
Proliferative diabetic retinopathy
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy
Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy
Optic disc drusen
MOG optic neuropathy
Optic nerve melanocytoma
Morning glory disc